The present subvolume IV/19B5 forms the first supplement of IV/19B1 through IV/19B4 and contains evaluated data for binary alloy systems from Ag-B to W-Zr appearing in alphabetical order of the elements in the chemical formula. The volume is accompanied by a CD-ROM, which allows computer calculation of a range of solution properties for selected temperature and phase composition ranges for the systems presented.
This encyclopedia provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of complexity theory together with the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems in all fields of science and engineering. It links fundamental concepts of mathematics and computational sciences to applications in the physical sciences, engineering, biomedicine, economics and the social sciences.
This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics of science.
The 5800-page Encyclopedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopolitical boundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia tells (as the author himself puts it) "not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done."
The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys 100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists, engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing: mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry), associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and more).
The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas in the leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scientific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered from the wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times.
Wiley is now pleased to announce the Second Edition of this landmark reference work publishing in February 2005. Drawing on the expertise of the original editorial team the new edition will be revised and expanded to provide, in particular, up-to-date material on bio-informatics and statistical genetics.
This major publication is easily accessible for all those involved in statistical activities in medicine and health sciences, from health professionals who are not highly trained in statistics, through to fully qualified and experienced statisticians.
For further information on this new edition please visit: www.wileyeurope.com/go/eob
Reviews of the First Edition
??a resource beyond compare...the author index reads like a contemporary Who's Who...nothing in biostatistics is left uncovered...unsurpassed in quality and quantity" ?British Medical Journal
"An unsurpassed addition to the statistical literature ?The present scope of statistics in medical research is nowhere more manifest ?the coverage is breathtaking" ?International Journal of Epidemiology
This dynamic reference work provides solutions to vital algorithmic problems for scholars, researchers, practitioners, teachers and students in fields such as computer science, mathematics, statistics, biology, economics, financial software, and medical informatics.
This second edition is broadly expanded, building upon the success of its former edition with more than 450 new and updated entries. These entries are designed to ensure algorithms are presented from growing areas of research such as bioinformatics, combinatorial group testing, differential privacy, enumeration algorithms, game theory, massive data algorithms, modern learning theory, social networks, and VLSI CAD algorithms.
Over 630 entries are organized alphabetically by problem, with subentries allowing for distinct solutions. Each entry includes a description of the basic algorithmic problem; the input and output specifications; key results; examples of applications; citations to key literature, open problems, experimental results, links to data sets and downloadable code.
All entries are peer-reviewed, written by leading experts in the field and each entry contains links to a summary of the author s research work.
This defining reference is available in both print and online a dynamic living work with hyperlinks to related entries, cross references citations, and a myriad other valuable URLs.
New and Updated entries include:
Algorithmic Aspects of Distributed Sensor Networks,
Algorithms for Modern Computers
Certified Reconstruction and Mesh Generation
Combinatorial Group Testing
Compression of Text and Data Structures
Exact Exponential Algorithms
Kernels and Compressions
Massive Data Algorithms
Modern Learning Theory
Stable Marriage Problems, k-SAT Algorithms
VLSI CAD Algorithms
New In This Edition: This second edition of the Encyclopedia of GIS includes 30% to 50% new content. It provides up-to-date information on emerging topics such as spatial big data, smart-phone GIS, urban computing and mobile recommender systems. It also expands the first edition s rich set of GIS-related commercial and societal applications such as geo-targeting, geo-fencing and understanding climate changes, while enabling more comprehensive coverage of classical GIS topics such as map projections, global positioning systems and spatial cognition. The entries explain the key software, data sets and processes used by geographers and computational scientists. Additionally, the reference emphasizes the role of GIS in business and mobile intelligence. By offering more diversified GIS-related topics from theory and research than most of the other available literature, the authors equip newcomers to the field with principles as well as applications. With an accessible breadth of content and intuitive A-Z organization, this new edition of the encyclopedia is an invaluable reference for newcomers to the field of GIS, as well as researchers, students, developers and professionals who are interested in exploring this new dynamic area. Praise For The First Edition: "The focus here, however, is on the mathematical and computational aspects of GIS . This is very welcome to those practitioners who have been less exposed to some of the mathematical and computational aspects of GIS. This is also very welcome to the researcher or graduate student within any of the interdisciplinary areas that use GIS. I highly recommend it." (Pascal V. Calarco, ACM Computing Reviews, November, 2008) "This single-volume reference work is a highly welcome addition to the rapidly advancing field of geographic information systems. Peer-reviewed entries from over 300 contributors cover 41 topical subfields, with an overall emphasis on computational aspects of GIS.
The second Edition of this remarkable Handbook offers readers a comprehensive overview of the science and technology of visual displays and the economic and human interface factors associated with the displays industry. Unique in the displays field, the Handbook serves as a single reference source with expert contributions from over 150 international display professionals and academic researchers.
The Handbook contains extensive coverage of established and emerging display technologies, with discussion of physical principles, materials science and processing, device technologies and particular areas of application. The wide-ranging content also encompasses the fundamental science of light and vision, image acquisition and manipulation, display materials and processing techniques, TFTs, display driving and metrology. Prominence is given to liquid crystal displays, with later chapters devoted to emerging technologies including flexible displays, electrophoretic, electrowetting and electrofluidic displays and MEMS-based displays. Other sections consider 3D display solutions, projection systems and head-worn displays.
Updated and extended throughout, major changes in the 2nd Edition include: Significantly expanded section on touch and human-computer interaction Reworked and updated chapters on OLEDs Revised and extended coverage of mobile display technologies ...no engineering or science library can be without this book. It will be an asset for all companies engaged in display and display-related business. extract from the Foreword of the 1st Edition by Dr M Anandan, President, Society for Information Display.
The cross-disciplinary pursuits between modern technology, their computations and applications to the human body have exploded because of rapid developments in computer technology and mathematical computational techniques.
This four-volume set, Computational Methods in Biophysics, Biomaterials, Biotechnology and Medical Systems, represents the first multi-volume treatment of this significant subject on the international scene. The work is an indispensable reference source by leading researchers, and is essential reference work for academics, practitioners, students and researchers working with: *Computers in Medicine, *Science and Mathematics in Biomaterials, Biomechanics and Bioengineering, *Computational Biophysics.
Volume Synopsis: Volume 1: Algorithm Techniques The first volume begins logically with algorithmic techniques and their application in medical imaging procedures Electrocardiography (ECG) and Magnetoencephalography (MEG): modeling techniques used in data rich biomechanics and biomedical environments; and specific coverage of artificial neural networks for rehabilitation and DNA sequence analysis. Volume 2: Computational Methods Volume 2 presents computational methods across a broad array of subjects, from bone implants and wound healing to temperature driven physiological reactions of arms and legs; from spatial pattern analysis and binocular fixation systems to telerobotic surgery; and computer design and manufacturing systems in biomedicine. Volume 3: Mathematical Analysis Methods This volume focuses on methods of mathematical analysis, starting with medical imaging. Then to biological modeling for applications to blood flow, neuranatomy and motion analysis of tumors and metastases; mathematical methods related to Doppler examination of the heart, blood pressure drugs and knee implants; and closing with biosignal interchange formats and boundary element methods for biological systems. Volume 4: Diagnostic Methods This volume presents a rich variety of diagnostic methods and techniques derived from results of the earlier volumes. From analytical to heuristic to modern methods of artificial intelligence, a significant summary is provided on the essential role computational methods play in medical systems.
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