In recent years, optical properties of the unique atomic and molecular structures of materials have drawn great scientific interest. Linear optical properties of materials, such as metals, metal oxides, magnetic oxides, and organic materials, are based on the energy transfer and find applications in wastewater treatment, forensic science, biomedical science, photovoltaics, nuclear technology, and LED displays. Nonlinear optical properties of materials are based on the nonlinear medium and find more advanced applications in frequency mixing generations and optical parametric oscillations.
This book presents the underlying principles, implementation, and applications of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of materials and has been divided into two parts emphasizing these properties. The first part of the book, linear optics, discusses bimetallic nanoparticles in dielectric media and their integration to dye molecules to detect trace amounts of heavy metals at nanometer level, as well as to enhance luminescence and image contrasts in forensic inspection and biomedical diagnosis.
This book reviews the rapidly emerging field of switchable interfaces and its implications for bioelectronics. The authors piece together early breakthroughs and key developments and highlight the future of switchable bioelectronics by focusing on bioelectrochemical processes based on mimicking and controlling biological environments with external stimuli as well as responsive systems for drug delivery. All chapters in the book strive to answer the fundamental question: how do living systems probe and respond to their surroundings? And, following on from that: how one can transform these concepts to serve the practical world of bioelectronics? The central obstacle to this vision is the absence of versatile interfaces that are able to control and regulate the means of communication between biological and electronic systems. This book helps to summarize the overall progress made to date in building such interfaces at the level of individual biomolecules and to focus on the latest efforts to generate device platforms that integrate biointerfaces with electronics.
This book gathers selected high-quality research papers presented at the Fifth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, held at Brunel University, London, on February 20-21, 2020. It discusses emerging topics pertaining to information and communication technology (ICT) for managerial applications, e-governance, e-agriculture, e-education and computing technologies, the Internet of Things (IoT) and e-mining. Written by respected experts and researchers working on ICT, the book offers a valuable asset for young researchers involved in advanced studies.
This book provides a thorough guidance on maximizing the performance of utility systems in terms of sustainability. It covers general structure, typical components and efficiency trends, and applications such as top-level analysis for steam pricing and selection of processes for improved heat integration. Examples are provided to illustrate the discussed models and methods to give sufficient learning experience for the reader.
The book introduces the state-of-the-art research progress of system-level EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility), including theories, design technologies, principles and applications in practice. The engineering design, simulation, forecast, analysis, test, stage control, and effectiveness evaluation are discussed in detail with extensive project experiences, making the book an essential reference for researchers and industrial engineers.
Starting from physical and electrochemical foundations, this textbook explains working principles of energy storage devices. After a history of galvanic cells, different types of primary, secondary and flow cells as well as fuel cells and supercapacitors are covered. An emphasis lies on the general setup and mechanisms behind those devices to enable easy understanding for students from all technical and natural science disciplines.
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