The complete title of this work, "The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors; Or, Christianity Before Christ, Containing New, Startling, and Extraordinary Revelations in Religious History, which Disclose the Oriental Origin of All the Doctrines, Principles, Precepts, and Miracles of the Christian New Testament, and Furnishing a Key for Unlocking Many of Its Sacred Mysteries, Besides Comprising the History of 16 Heathen Crucified Gods", gives a great insight into the content contained within. First published in 1875, Kersey Graves' "The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors" is a controversial work that asserts the belief that Jesus Christ was not an actual person, but rather a composite of earlier mythological stories. Graves cites the stories of Thulis of Egypt, Krishna of India, Crite of Chaldea, Atys of Phrygia, Thammuz or Tammuz of Syria, Hesus or Eros, Bali of Orissa, Indra of Tibet, Iao of Nepal, Buddha Sakia (Muni) of India, Mithra of Persia, Alcestos of Euripides, Quezalcoatl of Mexico, Wittoba of the Bilingonese, Prometheus or Aeschylus of Caucasus, and Quirinus of Rome, as examples of crucifixion stories that parallel the Christ narrative. While criticized by some as being incomplete and poorly cited, "The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors" is acknowledged by notable atheists as an important work, which challenges the Biblical representation of Jesus Christ. This edition is printed on premium acid-free paper.
Kersey Graves – un critic binecunoscut al religiei creştine tradiţionale – arată În această lucrare, contrar a ceea ce susţine Biserica, că Isus Cristos nu a fost singurul Fiu al Divinității crucificat pentru mÂntuirea omului şi nici primul MÂntuitor Întrupat pentru a Îndeplini această misiune divină. Autorul identifică multe alte cazuri ale unor mÂntuitori trimiși de Divinitate și realizează o comparație Între acestea. O altă listă, ceva mai lungă, cuprinde numele ființelor sacre care s-au Întrupat şi care s-au Înălţat ulterior la ceruri. Autorul ne arată cum majoritatea religiilor antice au profeţit un trimis al Divinității, al cărui sacrificiu izbăvitor va purta omul păcătos direct in paradis, iar Creştinismul a avut aceeaşi tendință.
„Biografia lui Satan” analizeaza aparitia diavolului in istoria religiei. Autorul constata ca, la inceputuri, oamenii il cunosteau doar pe Dumnezeu, care era considerat autorul binelui si raului, deopotriva. Diavolul reprezinta o inventie ulterioara, menirea sa fiind aceea de a permite un control eficient al oamenilor din partea bisericii si nu numai. Autorul analizeaza, in principal, scrierile religioase ebraice si crestine, constatand ca ideile de diavol si de iad au fost introduse pentru a exploata frica si ignoranta oamenilor, arme nepretuite la indemana preotilor de pretutindeni. Dogma pedepsei eterne este forta calauzitoare a religiei crestine, iar autorul prezinta sorgintea mitologica a acesteia. Frica superstitioasă a inrobit mintile foarte multor oameni, in toate perioadele istorice si in toate zonele in care s-a impus. Aceasta stare va dainui pana cand educatia si gandirea critica se vor impune.
In his book The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors, American writer Kersey Graves shows that many demigods all over the world, share similar stories, traits or quotes with Jesus. The similarity between the story of Christ and his many predecessors gave rise to what is now called the Christ myth theory. This theory holds the view that the story of Jesus is either a piece of mythology, or, if Christ really existed, he had probably nothing to do with the founding of Christianity. Historical Christ researcher David Strauss and Godfrey Higgins with his Anacalypsis (1836), arguing that the Hindus, Jews and Greeks in essence had the same myths, which were corrupted by Christians, were its pioneers. After Higgins, the Christ myth theory culminates in Kersey Graves, and in 1875 he publishes this book, destined to become the most influential and controversial work in this line of thought, up to this day. Many have been inspired (and annoyed) by his flaming argumentation and exhaustive detection of biblical flaws and errors. Among the authors he influenced was bestseller author Dan Brown, who apparently used The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors as a source, investing Mithra, while writing The Da Vinci Code.
While one must critically put Kersey Graves in the historical context of his own time, as well as the validity of his claims, The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors remains an explosive work.
The Bible of Bibles is a partial philosophical, social and historical treatment on the nature God and the Bible and it's many "predecessors," like the sacred books of India and China. Kersey Graves deals with the common ground from which these holy books arose. Bibles are, in his view, a more or less natural product of a threefold division of man's mental faculties working together, being: the intellectual department, the moral and religious department and thirdly, the animal department (which includes also the social). According to Graves, true religion does not regard God as a personal monarch, governing the universe by the caprices of an angry and fickle mind, but as the living, moving, all-pervading, self-sustaining, energizing, vivifying power which moves and sustains the machinery of the whole universe. Graves does not deny a divine force, but ridicules the assumption this force has a personality. Partially, by enumerating mistake after mistake made by many holy Biblical figures, including Jesus.
Evil is treated in a more dialectic way and seen as a force that pervades not only the human realm, but the entire nature. It is seen as simply the negative pole of the great moral battery, and without it the battery could not be run. Without it there could be no morality, no moral principle or accountability, while man exists upon the present animal plane. In fact, morality without evil would be an unmeaning word.
When you install fear, guild and punishment by eternal torture as the basis of society, then the psychological make up of most people get distorted and life in general tends towards structural un-happyness. However, the doctrine of eternal punishment for unbelievers, executed in a fiery Hell and presided over by a Devil, has been the mainspring and driving force of Christianity. Armed with that belief, the church launched herself upon the Roman Empire, destroyed the pagan religions, extinguished pagan culture, overthrew classical civilization, and pushed the world into the Dark Ages. She filled the world with religious hate, fanaticism, intolerance of science and reason and even established the Inquisition. The most progressive and independent thinking men and women of society were persecuted, just because they resisted the Christian doctrines of fear, damnation, guild and blind obedience. We saw its anticlimax in the Burning Times.
Apart from this core message of his book, which has not lost anything of its actuality, Graves also provides a lot of historical data. Giving us insight in the origins of the many false assumptions the Christian faith build its' empire on. He shows that, mythologically, the God of the Old Testament and the Devil of the New Testament were "originally twin brothers known by the same titles," and that this God and this Devil were Chaldean sun-gods. The origins of the Devil, eternal punishment, Heaven and Hell are discussed, as well as evil itself within this context.
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