Letters From China And Japan By John DeweyWell, if you want to see one mammoth, muddy masquerade just see Tokyo to-day. I am so amused all the time that if I were to do just as I feel, I should sit down or stand up and call out, as it were, from the housetops to every one in the world to come and see the show. If it were not for the cut of them I should think that all the cast-off clothing had been misdirected and had gone to Japan instead of Belgium. But they are mostly as queer in cut as they are in material. Imagine rummaging your attic for the colors and patterns of past days and then gathering up kimonos of all the different colors and patterns and sizes and with it all a lot of men's hats that are like nothing you ever saw, and very muddy streets, and there you have it. The 'ricksha men have their legs fitted with tight trousers and puttees to end them, and they are graceful. They run all day, through the mud and snow and wet in these things made of cotton cloth that are neither stockings nor shoes but both, and they stand about or sit on steps and wait, and yet they get through the day alive. I am distracted between the desire to ride in the baby cart and the fear of the language, mixed with the greater fear of the pain of being drawn by a fellow-being. They are a lithe set of little men and look as if they had steel springs to make them go when you look at their course. Still I have been only in autos, of which there are not many here.I get tired with the excitement of the constant amusement. This morning a man came out of a curio shop. Bow. "Exguse me, madame, is this not Mrs. Daway? I knew you because I saw your picture in the paper. Will you not come in and look at our many curios? I shall have the pleasure of bringing them to your hotel. What is the number of your room, madame?" Bow. "No, please do not bring them to my room, for I am always out. I will come in and see them sometime." "Thank you, madame, please do so, madame, we have many fine curios." Bow. "Goodmorning, madame." The looks of the streets are like the clothes, just left over from the past ages. Of course Tokyo is the modern city of Japan, and we shall watch out for the ancient ones when it comes their turn. I wish I could give you an idea of the looks of the poor. The children up to the age of about thirteen appear never to wipe their noses. Combine this effect (more effect than in Italy) with several kimonos, one on top of the other, made of cotton and wool of bright colors and flowered, with a queer brown checked one on top this wadded and much too big, therefore hitched up round the waist. Swung in this outside one a baby is carried on the back, the little baby head with black bangs or still fuzzy scalp sticking out, nose never yet touched by a handkerchief, wearer of the baby with a nose in the same condition if at a tender age-I scream inside of me as I go about, and it is more exciting than any play ever. We are as much curiosities to them as they are to us, though we live where the most foreigners go. Now on top of it all we can no more make a car driver understand where we want to go than if we were monkeys.
Educational reformer John Dewey discusses the role of the school in the modern society, detailing how teaching deeply influences the lives of individual children, and the entire society thereby.
Several lively and engaging chapters concern topics such as the components of the sound education. Throughout, the author seeks to dispel preconceptions and extinguish limitations of understanding that commonly underpin analyses about the educational system. While Dewey harks back to the distant past, in reviewing and acknowledging the contributions of German innovator Friedrich Froebel, he also notes what has worked in the education system from the vantage point of the 20th century.
For the author, a society without a correctly organized, well-run and well-funded educational system is one defined by waste - in the sense of squandering the talents of its children, and in the sense of the society being impaired. The variety of schools present is important, that education pertinent to a wide variety of pursuits - scientific, practical or cerebral - be accomplished. The ideals of culture, personal conduct and acquisition of knowledge should reflect not merely set curricula, but the wider aims and accomplishments of society.
First published in 1915, John Dewey's "Democracy and Education" is considered by many to be a landmark examination into the philosophy of education and its importance in a democratic society. In this influential treatise, Dewey argues for a progressive model of education because an effective educational system is the only way to build a productive and responsible democratic society. For all societies, from the most primitive to the most complex, the older generation possesses information, wisdom, and skills that must be passed down to the new, younger generations in order for the society to continue and for its customs to remain intact. If a society fails to educate its new members, the unique knowledge and character of the society will inevitably be lost. The new generations of a society must also be educated so that they can intelligently and capably participate in democratic institutions and traditions. A progressive educational system will also help each individual realize their dreams and full potential. "Democracy and Education" is an essential read for students of not only education, but of philosophy, and political science as well. This edition is printed on premium acid-free paper.
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