Turkey, Islamists and Democracy' is the story of Islam's engagement with the reorganization of the global economy. Yildiz Atasoy examines the development of political Islam in Turkey within the context of the changing balance of domestic and international forces in the world economy. By examining the incorporation of Islam into the existing relations of the Turkish state from the late Ottoman Empire to the present day, the author demonstrates how political Islam interacts with the global restructuring of classes, states and political alliances. Atasoy presents Islam as a multidimensional construct in which politics, ideology and the economy form an interrelated whole. Atasoy examines Sufi orders such as the Naqshbandi and the Suleymancilar; religious communities such as the Nurcu cemaati and Fethullahcilar; Islamist intellectuals such as nationalist poet Necip Fazil Kisakurek; Anatolia-based Islamist capitalist groups and pro-Islamic political parties. The author organises her analysis around three themes: the global relations of power including the development strategies, political and military relations that govern the organization of the economy; the domestic political and cultural response to these relations and the opportunities and constraints presented to citizens within these larger mechanisms of change. Atasoy challenges Samuel Huntington and Bernard Lewis' view of Islamist politics as an anti-Modern, anti-Western force that is fundamentally opposed to the global economy and instead argues that political Islam is embedded in processes which incorporate Western modernity into local cultural practices. 'Turkey, Islamists and Democracy' is vital reading for all those who are interested in the complex relationship bewteen Islamist politics and economic globalisation in Turkey today.
Turkey, Islamists and Democracy
Transition and Globalization in a Muslim State