Considering Baltimore and Philadelphia as part of a larger, mid-Atlantic borderland, this book shows that the antebellum effort to secure the rights of American citizenship was central to black politics - it was an effort that sought to exploit the ambiguities of citizenship and negotiate the complex national, state, and local politics in which that concept was determined.
The Politics of Black Citizenship
University of Georgia Press
Free African Americans in the Mid-Atlantic Borderland, 1817-1863
Race in the Atlantic World, 1700-1900