Migration in the modern world, rather than being seen as a symptom or result of underdevelopment, is now understood more as a route towards development and a strategy for alleviating poverty. This study of Albania, which over the past 20 years has witnessed the most significant mass migration in Europe, is a particularly important contribution in this new debate on migration and development. This is due to its focus upon how the post-communist development of Albania's society and economy has been shaped by migration and remittances, and their dynamic relationship with gender. Remittances are overwhelmingly seen through an economic or financial prism, and the questions that are invariably asked by international organisations are, how much is remitted, what are the remittances needed for and how can they be more effectively invested? However here the authors set their analysis within the context of Albanian society and economy, and instead examine the relationships and networks that are involved in the flow of remittances. The questions asked are therefore who sends, who receives, and who makes the decisions on how remittances are spent? It is by asking these kinds of questions that gender emerges as a powerful facet in the processes of development. This book thus provides the first in-depth analysis of gendering remittances, examined empirically through extensive field research, combining migrant household surveys and ethnography in rural south-east Albania and the Greek city of Thessaloniki. 'Remittances, Gender and Development' therefore serves as an exemplar for analyses of other countries where the dynamics of migration, remittances and gender are unfolding in a broadly analogous way, such as the economies and societies of post-communist Eastern Europe, and other developing countries with high emigration and remittance flows. It will therefore be of interest to scholars and students in Migration Studies, Development Studies, Gender Studies, Geography and Anthropology, as well as offering vital analysis for policy-makers, donors and civil society activists engaged in development planning and migration management.
Remittances, Gender and Development
Albania's Society and Economy in Transition