Questions of who can access land and who is excluded from it underlie many recent socialand political conflicts in Southeast Asia. Powers of Exclusion examines the key processes throughwhich shifts in land relations are taking place, notably state land allocation and provision ofproperty rights, the dramatic expansion of areas zoned for conservation, booms in the productionof export-oriented crops, the conversion of farmland to post-agrarian uses, "intimate" exclusionsinvolving kin and co-villagers, and mobilizations around land framed in terms of identityand belonging. In case studies drawn from seven countries, the authors find that four "powers ofexclusion"-regulation, the market, force, and legitimation-have combined to shape land relationsin new and often surprising ways. Land debates are often presented as a conflict between market-oriented land use with full private property rights on the one side, and equitable access, production for subsistence, and respect for custom on the other. The authors step back from these debates to point out that any productive use of land requires the exclusion of some potential users, and that mostprojects for transforming land relations are thus accompanied by painful dilemmas. Rather thancounterposing "exclusion" to "inclusion," the book argues that attention must be paid to whois excluded, how, why, and with what consequences.
Powers of Exclusion
University of Hawaii Press
Land Dilemmas in Southeast Asia
Management & Computers