Light and Dark Matter: The Role of Critical Thinking, Scientific Skepticism, and Creativity in Physics This book uses critical thinking and scientific skepticism to define seven dilemmas of electromagnetic wave theory and deductively disprove destructive interference theory. As a result, the two hundred year old question of "e;How are double-slit diffraction pattern troughs produced?"e; remains unanswered. Rigorous scientific methods and experiments are presented to confirm conservation of electromagnetic energy in the double-slit diffraction pattern. The double-slit diffraction pattern is mapped to allow a clearer understanding of the path for the double-slit troughs, electromagnetic energy, and light particles. The double-slit mapping experiment demonstrates that the electromagnetic energy and light particles follow an alternating path and are redistributed ten times over eight millimeters. The alternating redirection of the electromagnetic energy and light particles represents acceleration. This acceleration requires the application of an unknown force and the consumption of an unknown energy. The presence of an unknown force and unknown energy in the double-slit diffraction pattern cannot be explained by current light theories. A new theoretical foundation creatively re-conceptualizes how the double-slit troughs, or dark matter, apply force and energy to redistribute electromagnetic energy and light particles. This book illustrates the scientific process as an iterative cycle of theory derived from physical phenomena, experimental design, and research. Within each step of the scientific process there can be many iterative cycles of inductive reasoning and critical thinking. Rules, such as administrative and technological constraints, are intermingled with and impact the inductive reasoning and critical thinking iterative cycles. Scientific skepticism is the process of using critical thinking to confront theories and inductive thinking with the physical world. The iterative cycle of inductive reasoning, critical thinking, and scientific skepticism that results in a novel, innovative, and relevant process defines natural science creativity. The addition of a creative process, such as deductively disproving destructive interference, can extend the domain knowledge.
Light and Dark Matter
The Role of Critical Thinking, Scientific Skepticism, and Creativity in Physics
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