At the start of the new millennium profound changes began to take place in the relationship between the United States and the Middle East. The use of military force to compel regime change and cooperation has proved increasingly ineffective. This realisation has led the United States to seek alternative policies in order to promote its interests in the Middle East. At the same time, the Arab world has begun to move towards greater economic liberalisation and states such as Jordan have been adopting institutionalist policies as they pursue economic development. The United States has been working to transform economic relations with Middle Eastern states in order to foster political and economic integration in the hope of encouraging broader cooperation from Arab states. Since 2003 an intricate web of free trade agreements (FTAs) has been created between the United States and a large number of Arab states which, in theory, is set to tie these economies together and enhance American leadership. Arab states have welcomed the opportunity to gain free access to the US economic market. The Jordan-US FTA was the first FTA between the United States and an Arab state and acts as the first test of this new policy direction. Analysis of the political economy of the Jordan-US relationship is essential to understanding how US-Middle East FTAs can impact integration and cooperation. Since 2000 trade and economic activity between Jordan and the United States has increased dramatically. This book explores these changes and whether or not they have resulted in closer cooperation between the two states. 'Jordan and the United States' offers an indispensable analysis of the developing relationship between the United States and Jordan. It is essential reading for those wishing to understand the new direction of US foreign economic policy towards the Middle East and the accompanying reforms taking shape in the Arab world.
Jordan and the United States
The Political Economy of Trade and Economic Reform in the Middle East