Although the eighteenth century is traditionally seen as the age of the Grand Tour, it was in fact the continental travel of Jacobean noblemen which really constituted the beginning of this institutionalized phenomenon. As soon as James VI of Scotland united his crown with England's as James I, he signed a peace treaty with Spain which rendered travel to Catholic Europe both safer and more respectable than it had been since before the excommunication of Elizabeth in 1570. The first post-Reformation ambassador, Sir Henry Wotton, was established in Venice and immediately began hosting his compatriots en route to Rome and beyond. Thisbook examines the political and cultural significance of the encounters that resulted, focusing in particularon the tours of the scions of two of England's greatest, and newly united,families: the Cecils and the Howards.In doing so,it alsoexamines thevariousways in whichProtestants and Catholicsexperienced the aesthetic and intellectual stimulus ofcontinental traveland howtheircultural experiences formed the essential ingredients in what becamethe Grand Tour. The cultural, political and specifically religious experiences of these adventurers had an effect on British history that is impossible to overestimate, with the influence most strongly evident in the art, architecture and furniture styles of the Jacobean period. Edward Chaney and Timothy Wilks here provide a fascinating narrative of the travels of the Jacobean noblemen in search of continental adventure.
Jacobean Grand Tour, The
Early Stuart Travellers in Europe