The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, commonly known as the Shakers, followed Mother Ann Lee to the United States in 1774 when life in England became too difficult. Here they established several colonies whose governing principles included celibacy and agrarian communal living. Even at its peak, however, Shakerism claimed only about 4,500 members. Today, except for one active community in Sabbathday Lake, Maine, the great villages are diminished, but the Shakers made an enduring impact on the religion and culture of the United States.
Historical Dictionary of the Shakers
Scarecrow Press, Incorporated
Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements
Mind, Body & Spirit