The Smi are a Northern indigenous people whose land, Spmi, covers territory in Finland, Norway, Russia, and Sweden. For the Nordic Smi, the last decades of the twentieth century saw their indigenous rights partially recognized, a cultural and linguistic revival, and the establishment of Smi parliaments. The Russian Smi, however, did not have the same opportunities and were isolated behind the closed border until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. This book examines the following two decades and the Russian Smi's attempt to achieve a linguistic revival, to mend the Cold War scars, and to establish their own independent ethno-political organizations.
Ethno-Political Leadership among the Russian Sami