The United States differs from other developed nations in the extent to which its national bicycle transportation policy relies on the use of unmodified roadways, with cyclists obeying the same traffic regulations as motor vehicles. This policy - known as vehicular cycling - evolved between 1969, when the 10-speed boom saw a sharp increase in adult bicycling and 1991, when the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials adopted an official policy that on-road bikeways were not desirable. This policy resulted from a growing realization by highway engineers and experienced club cyclists that they had parallel interests: the cyclists preferred to ride on highways, because most bikeways were not designed for high speeds and pack riding; and the highway engineers did not want to divert funding from roadways to construct bikeways. Thus, by stressing skilled cyclists over specialized infrastructure, both groups reaped the benefits they sought.Using contemporary magazine articles, government reports, and archival material from industry lobbying groups and national cycling organizations, this book tells the story of how America became a nation of bicyclists without bikeways.
Bicycles in American Highway Planning
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
The Critical Years of Policy-Making, 1969-1991
Education & Reference