The earliest settlement beside the Brayford Pool was called Lindon, and this Celtic name was adopted by the Roman conquerors in the first century AD. The fortress established on the hill above the river Witham was later transformed into a provincial capital of the Roman Empire, complete with a forum, basilica, and houses, and the mighty walls and gates built then would still be standing many hundreds of years later. After the Empire collapsed, the city survived as the capital of a minor British realm which later developed into the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Lindsey. Prosperity and growth returned with the arrival of the Vikings in the ninth century, and the great cathedral begun by the Normans, the Conqueror’s castle, and the Norman town houses are the jewels in the crown of Lincoln’s modern tourist industry. Throughout the 12th and 13th centuries the city thrived as a major center for the wool and cloth trades, but even before the Black Death struck in 1349 it was beginning to decline. Lincoln would remain a sad and decayed echo of its former self until the last years of the 17th century, much damaged following its use as a garrison town in the Civil Wars. Rapid growth, however, came in the 19th century when this rather sleepy, ancient cathedral city transformed itself—almost literally "overnight"—into a center for heavy engineering and, in World War I, the home of the tank. Today this dual legacy of ancient and modern persists. First published in 2009, this fully illustrated book tells the story of the city’s many transformations over two thousand years and, through a wealth of detail, brings to life the events and challenges faced by many generations who have lived and worked in this rather beautiful "place by the pool."
A History of Lincoln
History Press Limited, The